Geoffrey Hughes's An Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, PDF

By Geoffrey Hughes

this can be the single encyclopedia and social heritage of swearing and foul language within the English-speaking international. It covers many of the social dynamics that generate swearing, foul language, and insults within the complete diversity of the English language. whereas the emphasis is on American and British English, the several significant international types, reminiscent of Australian, Canadian, South African, and Caribbean English also are lined. A-Z entries hide the entire diversity of swearing and foul language in English, together with attention-grabbing info at the historical past and origins of every time period and the social context within which it stumbled on expression. different types contain blasphemy, obscenity, profanity, the categorization of girls and races, and modal kinds, akin to the ritual insults of Renaissance "flyting" and smooth "sounding" or "playing the dozens." Entries conceal the historic size of the language, from Anglo-Saxon heroic oaths and the miraculous energy of medieval profanity, to the stern censorship of the Renaissance and the colourful, glossy language of the streets. Social components, reminiscent of stereotyping, xenophobia, and the dynamics of ethnic slurs, in addition to age and gender transformations in swearing also are addressed, besides the most important taboo phrases and the advanced and altering nature of spiritual, sexual, and racial taboos.

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An Encyclopedia of Swearing: The Social History of Oaths, Profanity, Foul Language, and Ethnic Slurs in the English-speaking World by Geoffrey Hughes

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